Concordances

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Language units large and small

Marked forms of words - Inflection, Derivation, Declension, Conjugation · Diminutive, Augmentative

Groups and categories and properties of words - Syntactic and lexical categories · Grammatical cases · Correlatives · Expletives · Adjuncts

Words and meaning - Morphology · Lexicology · Semiotics · Onomasiology · Figures of speech, expressions, phraseology, etc. · Word similarity · Ambiguity · Modality ·

Segment function, interaction, reference - Clitics · Apposition· Parataxis, Hypotaxis· Attributive· Binding · Coordinations · Word and concept reference

Sentence structure and style - Agreement · Ellipsis· Hedging

Phonology - Articulation · Formants· Prosody · Intonation, stress, focus · Diphones · Intervocalic · Lenition · Glottal stop · Vowel_diagrams · Elision · Ablaut_and_umlaut · Phonics


Analyses, models, software - Minimal pairs · Concordances · Linguistics software · Some_relatively_basic_text_processing · Word embeddings · Semantic similarity

Unsorted - Contextualism · Text summarization · Accent, Dialect, Language · Pidgin, Creole · Writing_systems · Typography, orthography · Digraphs, ligatures, dipthongs · Onomastics



This article/section is a stub — probably a pile of half-sorted notes and is probably a first version, is not well-checked, so may have incorrect bits. (Feel free to ignore, or tell me)


The concordance of a word shows its occurances in some text with the (immediate) surroundings displayed, often a line, a sentence, or the adjacent words.

Concordances can be used to

study a text in detail,
inspect the usage of a word in a text or corpus (or in general),
to gather statistics for analyses related to collocations, distributional similarity and such.


A properly annotated parallel text can be used as a parallel/bilingual concordance, useful for translation and to study cross-language patterns.


A topical concordance is one which lists all text dealing with a subject, rather than that around a literal word.


See also

  • Concordance is sometimes meant as an inflection of concord, referring to agreement.


Unsorted:

(KWIC: KeyWord In Context)