Electronics notes/Varistors

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This article/section is a stub — probably a pile of half-sorted notes, is not well-checked so may have incorrect bits. (Feel free to ignore, fix, or tell me)

A varistor is a short name for a Voltage Dependent Resistor (VDR)

Componentwise often specifically a metal-oxide varistor (MOV), and MOV and varistor are near-synonyms to most people.

A MOV responds to voltage: high resistance at low voltages, lowering resistance at high voltages.

But not linearly - find an I-V curve for one, and you'll note they present a steepish curve over a specific threshold (much like diodes, because its workings are like a diode's, though bidirectional so can be used in AC), the MOV's rated voltage is basically that curve's knee where it starts conducting noticeably current.

This characteristic makes them useful in parallel with a sensitive load, to protect that load against high transient voltages / small surges, effectively shunting them away and wasting them as a heat.

Which is also why they cannot deal with sustained over-voltages; they would basically become the load, and probably burn. MOVs used as protection are often combined with other protective elements .