Image noise reduction

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For more, see Category:Audio, video, images

This article/section is a stub — probably a pile of half-sorted notes, is not well-checked so may have incorrect bits. (Feel free to ignore, or tell me)

gaussian blur

(or other simple interpolating blurs)


  • Simple. Fairly fast.
  • does not introduce spurious detail


  • indiscriminantly removes (high-)frequency content. a.k.a. "Smears everything"

median filtering


  • Simple. Not quite as fast as you'ld think.
  • rejects outliers; best example is rejecting salt and pepper noise
  • will preserve edges better than e.g. linear interpolation


  • can remove high-frequency signal
  • the edge preservation depends on some conditions, so doesn't always happen. The mix can look odd.

total variation denoising

Varies amount of blur by the amount of variation near the pixel.

Which means it mostly lessens noise in otherwise flat regions, while leaving spikes and edges mostly intact.


  • This tends to look more detailed than a basic mean filter, particularly on sharp images


  • Can't really tell what real edges are; for subtler images it can be much like mean

See also:

bilateral denoise

Reduce noise while preserving edges.

Averages based on their spatial closeness and radiometric similarity, and potentially other metrics. Like total-variance denoising in that it easily preserves edges, yet is often more true to photographic original than.

Playing with:

non-local means denoising

See also:

Anisotropic diffusion

See also:

Wiener filter

See also: