Difference between revisions of "Common symbols around you"

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<br style="clear:both">[[File:Bunch on european certifications.png|thumb|right|Bunch on european certifications]]  
 
<br style="clear:both">[[File:Bunch on european certifications.png|thumb|right|Bunch on european certifications]]  
You'll note that some of them are country-specific. There are many more country-specific testing centers.
+
There are many testing centers, that may deal with additional health and/or safety and/or environmental concerns,
and may deal with additional health and/or safety and/or environmental concerns.
+
though in most cases it's just country-specific, and you're probably used to the ones applying to your part of the world.
You're probably used to the ones applying to your part of the world.
+
  
In most places these are not required for sale,
 
but for both safety and insurance reasons they are a good idea for both you and retailers.
 
  
 +
Certification marks, in the end, represent agreements between manufacturers and (ideally well known) testing centers.
  
For things like power supplies it's not uncommon to see ''many'' certification marks,
+
 
for practical reasons: e.g. when a large company that has locked down the design so that they can mass produce it,
+
In most places these are not strictly required for sale{{verify}},
for worldwide sale, without a lot of new certification (certifcation is slow and sort of expensive).
+
yet certification is quite common for a collection of reasons, like
 +
you caring about your safety,  for company insurance (liabilitywise),
 +
varied indirect regulation (e.g. electrical code, fire regulation, medical safety) effectively only buying certified devices, or self-imposed regulation like caring that your house doesn't burn down and for related insurance.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
For some devices (e.g. separate power supplies) you can see more-than-usual certification marks, for practical reasons: e.g. when a large company that has locked down the design so that they can mass produce it, for worldwide sale, without a lot of new certification {{comment|(certifcation is slow, sort of expensive, and may need periodic recertification)}}.
  
  

Revision as of 15:40, 9 November 2019


Uses, safety




Power supply


basic DC adapter specs

The top symbol is for DC barrel plugs, specifying whether the inside or outside is positie.

The middle line is input, where the squiggly tilde ~ indicates AC.

The third line (output)'s solid and dotted line indicates DC.





Transformer (general)

isolating, safety isolating; non-short-circuit proof, short-circuit proof

separating transformer, output >1kV, variable, constant voltage, perturbation attenuating

Double circle, like a vertical venn diagram, are transformers, with a handful of properties marked. There are more combinations of all the parts this image shows, and further ones (e.g. construction site).



Certifications

Some of the more commonly seen logos / certification bodies include:


Bunch on european certifications

There are many testing centers, that may deal with additional health and/or safety and/or environmental concerns, though in most cases it's just country-specific, and you're probably used to the ones applying to your part of the world.


Certification marks, in the end, represent agreements between manufacturers and (ideally well known) testing centers.


In most places these are not strictly required for sale(verify), yet certification is quite common for a collection of reasons, like you caring about your safety, for company insurance (liabilitywise), varied indirect regulation (e.g. electrical code, fire regulation, medical safety) effectively only buying certified devices, or self-imposed regulation like caring that your house doesn't burn down and for related insurance.


For some devices (e.g. separate power supplies) you can see more-than-usual certification marks, for practical reasons: e.g. when a large company that has locked down the design so that they can mass produce it, for worldwide sale, without a lot of new certification (certifcation is slow, sort of expensive, and may need periodic recertification).



CE Mark and Chinese Export
There are also a bunch of fake symbols.

Best known among them is the "chinese export", a nickname of chinese producers stamping the european CE mark. Often with different, tighter spacing (though some real CE products sometimes do this too for spacing reasons).


Related

A bunch of the above are settled in ISO 7000 / IEC 60417, which also have a lot of markings used around mechanisms, indicatons, and buttons, around cars, audio, production lines.

See https://www.iso.org/obp/ui#iso:pub:PUB400008:en


IP ratings for water and object safety


clothing / washing labels

Unsorted

https://hackaday.com/2018/02/02/what-are-those-hieroglyphics-on-your-laptop-charger/


Single use, keep dry, don't use if package damaged

Consumables