Fermentation

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In food, fermentation means converting carbohydrates to alcohol or organic acids. (chemically, it refers to consuming sugar in the absence of oxygen, in any way or context)

This is typically done with yeasts or bacteria, and under anaerobic conditions.


This can be done for

  • mainly the ethanol product, e.g. in wine, beer, cider, sake
  • mainly the side product, e.g. yeast in bread dough produces CO2 that leavens it
  • preservation, e.g. the lactic acid in sauerkraut, yoghurt, various pickled food
  • the taste, e.g. in kimchi (various preserved food is also acquired as a taste)