Computer data storage - Some glossary

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Computer data storage
This article/section is a stub — probably a pile of half-sorted notes and is probably a first version, is not well-checked, so may have incorrect bits. (Feel free to ignore, or tell me)

DAS (Direct Attached Storage) - storage not physically in a host, but still connected directly to just it

often means a connection like SAS, SCSI, Fibre Channel, eSATA or such (various are easily be faster than networking)

SAN (Storage Area Network)

often exposes a block device(verify)
often there to centralized a large amount of storage for a network of computers.
you arguably do SAN for consolidation and flexibility first, and performance may be secondary
e.g. iSCSI is a SAN protocol

NAS (Network Attached Storage) - Storage attached via a (local area) network.

Can refer to simple file sharing (SMB, NFS and such), to specific applicances.
often exposes a filesystem
more of an appliance (SAN being more of a service)

  • S.M.A.R.T.: Self-Monitoring Analysis and Report Technology, meant to monitor drive health and warn about imminent failure.
(Compliance with this standard possibly seems to vary per manufacturer, and also probably somewhat per drive design)(verify)
see also Computer data storage - Reading SMART reports

  • Command queueing refers to planning an order of read and/or write commands order so that head position and rotational position are taken into account.
In the best case a series of operations finishes faster, in the worst case it makes no difference and the overhead (fairly little for NCQ, while for TCQ it depends somewhat on the implementation/technology) makes things a little slower. The practical value of command queueing depends largely on the average and worst case influence.
TCQ: Tagged Command Queueing: Done by the driver (verify)
NCQ: Native Command Queueing: Done by the drive (SATA feature, optional?(verify)).