Diminutive, Augmentative

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This article/section is a stub — some half-sorted notes, not necessarily checked, not necessarily correct. Feel free to ignore, or tell me about it.

A diminutive is a variation of a word that, if the if the object is tactile, conveys smallness of size.

If not tactile, and in general, it may be used for things like endearment, softness, intimacy, condenscendance -- or names for comparable concepts (makin a cottage out of a word meaning house, making warm/lukewarm from hot).

A lot of languages make diminutives with affixes, often suffixes.

An augmentative is the opposite: an intensification or augmentation of some sense of a word. The sense can be size, but also just strengthen some quality, such as dislike, or most comparatives in the superlative sort of sense.

These are also usually created with an affix and then regularly a suffix, but various languages (additionally or primary) use prefixes.

In various languages, diminutives and/or augmentatives may appear as a small set of cases, and according to clear morphological rules, and/or as exceptions not following any general rules. Dutch can generally apply a diminutive suffix, but has no augmentative other than for cases like 'grandfather'.