DIY, craft, materials, and such / Fabrics - materials

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Cellulose

Seed hair

Cotton

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cotton

Kapok

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ceiba_pentandra

Leaf

Manila

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manila

Sisal

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sisal

Bast

Flax

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flax

Hemp

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemp

Jute

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jute

Ramie

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramie

Proteins

Staple protein / wool

Wool is different from hair or fur in that wool...

  • grows in staples, basically from from clusters of follicles
  • is crimped, basically meaning it has bends and twists, which allow it to be spun
  • is elastic (in part due to the above)
Sheep

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wool

Goat
Cashmere

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cashmere_wool

Mohair

From the Angora goat, but typically not called angora to avoid confusion with angora rabbit wool.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohair

Camelid
Alpaca

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alpaca

Llama

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Llama

Vicuna

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vicu%C3%B1a


Rabbit
Angora rabbit

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angora_wool

Muskoxen

Silk

Silk is a filament protein, produced by certain insect larvae.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silk

Natural polymers

...primarily cellulose.

Rayon

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rayon

Lyocell

Form of Rayon http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lyocell

Acetate

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cellulose_acetate

Triacetate

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cellulose_triacetate

Synthetic polymers

There are many more fiber-like polymers that could be and are used. Below are some of the more common ones.

Polyester

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyester

Nylon

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nylon

Aramid

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aramid

Acrylic

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acrylic_fiber

Modacrylic

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modacrylic

Spandex

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spandex

Elastoester

Fluoropolymer

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fluoropolymer

Melamine

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melamine

Nitryl

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nitryl

Vinyon

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vinyon

Rubber